Providing nourishment is an important mission. The information that follows provides key insights and facts about cereal, its ingredients and the roles they play in contributing to overall health. Select titles from the list below to read more.
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2 Timlin et al. Breakfast frequency and quality in the etiology of adult obesity and chronic diseases. Nutr Rev 2007;65:268-281.
3 Barton BA et al. The relationship of breakfast and cereal consumption to nutrient intake and body mass index: The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study. J Am Diet Assoc 2005;105:1383-1389.
4 Song WO et al. Is consumption of breakfast associated with Body Mass Index in U.S. adults? J Am Diet Assoc 2005;105:1373-1382.
5 Wyatt H et al. Long-term weight loss and breakfast in subjects in the national weight control registry. Obes Res 2002;10:78–82.
6 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data. Hyattsville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, [2007-08] http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes.htm.
7 Rampersaud et al. Breakfast Habits, Nutritional status, body weight and academic performance in children and adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc 2005;105:743-760.
8 Nicklas TA et al. Nutrient contribution of breakfast, secular trends, and the role of ready-to-eat cereals: A review of data from the Bogalusa Heart Study. Am J Clin Nutr 1998;67:757S-63S.
9 Morgan KJ et al. The role of breakfast in diet adequacy of U.S. adult population. J Am Coll Nutr 1986;5:551-563.
10 Murphy JM et al. The Relationship of School Breakfast to Psychosocial and Academic Functioning: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Observations in an inner-city School Sample. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1998;152:899-907.
11 Wahlstrom KL and Begalle MS. More than test scores: Results of the universal school breakfast pilot in Minnesota. Top Clin Nutr 1999;(1):17-29.
12 Wesnes KA et al. Breakfast reduces declines in attention and memory over the morning in schoolchildren. Appetite 2003;41:329-331.
13 U.S Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. 7th edition, Washington DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
14 Committee on Diet and Health, National Academy of Sciences, Diet and Health: Implication for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk (1989).
15 Liu S et al. Relation between changes in intakes of dietary fiber and grain products and changes in weight and development of obesity among middle-aged women. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;78:920–927.
16 Koh-Banerjee P et al. Changes in whole-grain, bran, and cereal fiber consumption in relation to 8-yr weight gain among men. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;80(5):1237-45.
17 Good C K et al. Whole Grain Consumption and Body Mass Index in Adult Women: An Analysis of NHANES 1999-2000 and the USDA Pyramid Servings Database. J Am Coll Nutr 2008;27:80-87.
18 Jacobs DR Jr et al. Whole-grain intake and cancer: an expanded review and meta-analysis. Nutr Cancer 1998;30(2):85-96.
19 Haas P, et al. Effectiveness of whole grain consumption in the prevention of colorectal cancer: Meta-analysis of cohort studies. Intl J Fd Sci Nutr 2009; Mar 21:1-13. [Epub ahead of print].
20 Slattery ML et al. Plant foods, fiber, and rectal cancer. Am J Clin Nutr 2004;79:274-281.
21 Chatenoud L et al. Whole grain food intake and cancer risk. Int J Cancer 1998;77(1):24-28.
22 Sahyoun NR et al. Whole-grain intake is inversely associated with the metabolic syndrome and mortality in older adults. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;83(1):124-31.
23 Esmaillzadeh A et al. Whole-grain intake and the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype in Tehranian adults. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81(1):55-63.
24 Esmaillzadeh A et al. Whole-grain consumption and the metabolic syndrome: a favorable association in Tehranian adults. Eur J Clin Nutr 2005;59(3):353-62.
25 McKeown NM et al. Whole grain intake and insulin sensitivity: evidence from observational studies. Nutr Rev 2004;62(7 Pt 1):286-91.
26 McKeown NM et al. Carbohydrate nutrition, insulin resistance, and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the Framingham Offspring Cohort. Diabetes Care 2004;27(2):538-46.
27 Montonen J et al. Whole-grain and fiber intake and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr 2003;77(3):622-9.
28 deMunter JS et al. Whole grain, bran, and germ intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: a prospective cohort study and systematic review. PLOS Med 2007;4(8):e261.
29 Meyer KA et al. Carbohydrates, dietary fiber, and incident type 2 diabetes in older women. Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71(4):921-30.
30 Qi L et al. Whole-grain, bran, and cereal fiber intakes and markers of systemic inflammation in diabetic women. Diabetes Care 2006;29(2):207-11.
31 NDP Group, Whole Grains by Eating Occasion, 2006-2011; May 2011.
32 Lai RH et al. Whole grain phytochemicals and health. J Cereal Sci 2007;46:207-219.
33 Mellen PB et al. Whole grain intake and cardiovascular disease: a meta-analysis. Nutr Metab & Cardiovascular Dis 2008;18:283-290.
34 McKeown, NM et al. Whole- and refined-grain intakes are differentially associated with abdominal visceral and subcutaneous adiposity in healthy adults: the Framingham Heart Study. Am J Clin Nutr 2010;92 1165-1171.
35 Cleveland L et al. Dietary intake of whole grains. J Am Col Nutr 2000;19(3):331S-338S.
36 Harnack L et al. Dietary intake and food sources of whole grains among US children and adolescents: Data from the 1994-1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals. J Am Diet Assoc 2003;103:1015-1019.
37 Bachman JL et al. Sources of Food Group Intakes among the US Population, 2001-2002. J Am Diet Assoc 2008;108:804-814.
38 Kumar J et al. Prevalence and Associations of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Deficiency in US Children: NHANES 2001-2004. Pediatrics 2009;124;e362-e370.
39 Misra M et al. Vitamin D deficiency in children and its management: review of current knowledge and recommendations. Pediatrics 2008;122;398-417.
40 Tuttle, C., Thompson D., Franko, D. and Albertson, A., (2010) Cereal intake is associated with an improved nutrient intake profile among food insecure children in the United States: Results from NHANES 2003–08. FASEB J. 25, 769.19.
41 Federal Register – 73 FR 23947 May 1, 2008: Food Labeling: Health Claims; Soluble Fiber from Certain Foods and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease; Final Rule. Federal Register: May 1, 2008; Volume 73, Number 85; Rules and Regulations; page 23947-23953; From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov][DOCID:fr01my08-5].
42 Johnston L et al. Cholesterol- Lowering Benefits of a Whole Grain Oat Ready-to-Eat Cereal. Nutrition in Clinical Care 1998;1(1):6-12.
43 Albertson AM et al. Ready-to-eat cereal consumption: Its relationship with BMI and nutrient intake of children aged 4 to 12 years. J Am Diet Assoc 2003;103:1613-1619.
44 Bertrais B et al. Contribution of ready-to-eat cereals to nutrition intakes in French adults and relations with corpulence. Ann Nutr Metab 2000;44:249-255.
45 Albertson AM et al. Prospective Associations among Cereal Intake in Childhood and Adiposity, Lipid Levels, and Physical Activity during Late Adolescence. J Am Diet Assoc 2009;109(10):1775-80.
46 Deshmukh-Taskar, PR, et al The Relationship of Breakfast Skipping and Type of Breakfast Consumption with Nutrient Intake and Weight Status in Children and Adolescents. J Am Diet Assoc, 2010; 110(6): 869-78.
47 Kosti RI et al. The association between consumption of breakfast cereals and BMI in schoolchildren aged 12–17 years: The VYRONAS study. Public Health Nutrition 2007;20:1-7.
48 Albertson AM et al. The relationship of ready-to-eat cereal consumption to nutrient intake, blood lipids, and body mass index of children as they age through adolescence. J Am Diet Assoc 2009;109(9):1557-65.
49 Levine AS et al. Effect of breakfast cereals on short-term food intake. Am J Clin Nutr 1989;50:1303-7.
50 Holt SHA et al.. The effects of high-carbohydrate vs. high-fat breakfasts on feelings of fullness and alertness and subsequent food intake. Inter J Food Sci Nutr 1999;50:13-28.
51 Albertson AM, Thompson D, et al. Consumption of breakfast cereal is associated with positive health outcomes: evidence from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Growth and Health Study. Nutr Research 2008;28:744-752.
52 Franko DL, Albertson AM, et al. Cereal consumption and indicators of cardiovascular risk in adolescent girls. Public Health Nutr 2010 Jul 19: 1-7
53 U.S. Department of Agriculture. Agricultural Research Service. 2011. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Release 24.
54 Albertson AM et al. The Relationship between Ready-to-Eat Cereal Consumption Categorized by Sugar Content and Body Measures in American Children: Results from NHANES 2001-06 Nutr Research 2001;31:229-236.
55 O’Neil CE et al. Presweetened and Nonpresweetened Ready-to-Eat Cereals at Breakfast Are Associated With Improved Nutrient Intake but Not With Increased Body Weight of Children and Adolescents: NHANES 1999-2002. Am J of Lifestyle Med 2011:1-12.